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梅州市金花茶引种栽培试验研究
王运昌,范剑明,林永珍,谢金兰,王力朋,赖丽卿
广东兴源农林有限公司,梅州市林业科学研究所,梅县区水车镇农业服务中心林业组,梅州市林业科学研究所,梅州市林业科学研究所;梅州市森林病虫害防治站,梅州市林业科学研究所
摘要:
金花茶是国家一级保护植物,具有很高的经济价值和观赏价值。本研究通过引种不同品种和不同年龄的金花茶试验表明,梅州地区适合金花茶种植。同时进行了金花茶不同药剂处理在不同基质上的扦插试验,结果表明:在黄心土基质不同处理中用APT1溶液500 mg/L浓度基部浸泡2 h的成活率可达90%以上;在黄心土 河沙基质不同处理中用NAA溶液250 mg/L浓度基部浸泡2 h的成活率达92%以上。因此建议加快金花茶在梅州市的引种繁育和大面积推广种植是可行的。
关键词:  梅州市  金花茶  引种栽培  扦插
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Experimental study on the introduction and cultivation of Camellia nitidissima C. W. Chi in Meizhou
WANG Yunchang,FAN Jianming,LIN Yongzhen,XIE Jinlan,Wang Lipeng and lAI Liqing
Meizhou Forestry Research Institute, Meizhou,guangdong 514011, China,Meixian area shuiche Town Agricultural Service Center forestry group ,Meixian,guangdong 514778,China,Meizhou Forestry Research Institute, Meizhou,guangdong 514011, China,Meizhou Forestry Research Institute;Meizhou city forest pest control station,Meizhou Forestry Research Institute
Abstract:
Camellia nitidissima C. W. Chi is a national level to protect plant, has the very high economic value and ornamental value. This research through the introduction of different varieties and different ages Camellia nitidissima C. W. Chi test showed that meizhou tea planting suitable for gold. The Camellia nitidissima C. W. Chi different drug treatment at the same time cutting test on different substrates, the results show that the different in yellow subsoil matrix processing using APT1 soaking solution concentration of 500 mg/L base 2 h survival rate can reach more than 90%; In the Yellow River sand subsoil matrix different processing with 250 mg/L NAA solution concentration base 2 h, the survival rate of more than 92%. Therefore suggested to speed up the Camellia nitidissima C. W. Chi in meizhou city, artificial breeding and planting on large area is feasible.
Key words:  Meizhou city  Camellia nitidissima C. W. Chi  Introduction and cultivation  cuttings